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Kamis, 04 April 2013

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea - Korea Utara

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK; Chosŏn'gŭl: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), commonly called North Korea (About this sound listen), is a country in East Asia, in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. Its capital is Pyongyang, the country's largest city by both land area and population.


The Amnok River and the Tumen River form the international border between North Korea and the People's Republic of China. A small section of the Tumen River also lies along the border between North Korea and the Russian Federation, technically following the river's thalweg. The Korean Demilitarized Zone forms the boundary between North Korea and South Korea. The legitimacy of this border is not accepted by either side, as both states claim to be the legitimate government of the entire country.


The Korean peninsula was governed by the Korean Empire from the late 19th century to the early 20th century, until it was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. After the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II, Japanese rule ceased. The Korean peninsula was divided into two occupied zones in 1945, with the northern half of the peninsula occupied by the Soviet Union and the southern half by the United States.


A United Nations–supervised election held in 1948 led to the creation of separate Korean governments for the two occupation zones: the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the Republic of Korea in the south. The conflicting claims of sovereignty led to the Korean War in 1950. An armistice in 1953 committed both to a cease-fire, but the two countries remain officially at war because a formal peace treaty was never signed. Both states were accepted into the United Nations in 1991.


North Korea political parties includes Workers' Party of Korea, Korean Social Democratic Party and the Chondoist Chongu Party (also there are some independent deputies). The three political parties participates in the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland led by the Workers' Party of Korea. The government follows the Juche ideology of self-reliance, initiated by the country's first President, Kim Il-sung. After his death, Kim Il-sung was declared the country's Eternal President. Juche became the official state ideology, replacing Marxism–Leninism, when the country adopted a new constitution in 1972. In 2009, references to Communism (Chosŏn'gŭl: 공산주의) were removed from the country's constitution.


Education in North Korea is universal and free of charge (it is one of the most literate countries in the world, with an average literacy rate of 99%). The country has a national medical service and health insurance system which are offered for free. Housing and food rations traditionally have been heavily subsidized. The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms.





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Manakala sesuatu bangsa telah sanggup mempertahankan negerinya dengan darahnya sendiri, dengan dagingnya sendiri, pada saat itu bangsa itu telah masak untuk kemerdekaan.


Kalau bangsa kita, Indonesia, walaupun dengan bambu runcing, Saudara-saudara, semua siap sedia mati mempertahankan tanah air kita Indonesia, pada saat itu bangsa Indonesia adalah siap sedia, masak untuk merdeka.


Jika tiap-tiap orang Indonesia yang 70 milyun ini lebih dahulu harus merdeka di dalam hatinya, sebelum kita mencapai political independence, saya ulangi lagi, sampai lebur kiamat kita belum dapat Indonesia merdeka!


Di dalam Indonesia merdeka itulah kita memerdekakan rakyat kita! Di dalam Indonesia merdeka itulah kita memerdekakan hatinya bangsa kita!


Di dalam Saudi Arabia merdeka, Ibn Saud memerdekakan rakyat Arabia satu per satu. Di dalam Soviet-Rusia merdeka Stalin memerdekakan hati bangsa Soviet-Rusia satu per satu.


Tidak peduli rakyat dapat baca atau tidak, tidak peduli rakyat hebat ekonominya atau tidak, tidak peduli rakyat bodoh atau pintar, asal menurut hukum internasional mempunyai syarat-syarat suatu negara merdeka, yaitu ada rakyatnya, ada buminya dan ada pemerintahannya, sudahlah ia merdeka.


Apakah kita mau Indonesia merdeka yang kaum kapitalisnya merajalela, ataukah yang semua rakyatnya sejahtera, yang semua orang cukup makan, cukup pakaian, hidup dalam kesejahteraan, merasa dipangku oleh Ibu Pertiwi yang cukup memberi sandang pangan kepadanya?


Kemerdekaan hanyalah diperdapat dan dimiliki oleh bangsa yang jiwanya berkobar-kobar dengan tekad 'Merdeka, merdeka atau mati'!
 









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